Friday, August 5, 2011

How to Diet for Patients with Chronic Renal Failure

Renal failure patients should really pay attention to the food, because the kidneys are not working properly. Then how a good diet for people with kidney failure?

In patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD or chronic kidney disease), kidneys continue to work but not as it should because it has decreased function. Renal function continued to decline while the waste so that waste can be formed in the blood.

This requires a special diet so that waste from the food consumed does not continue to accumulate and worsen kidney function.

Patients with CKD may increase the salt containing phosphorus and potassium to an unsafe level, which can cause heart problems and bone.

Anaemia (low number of red blood cells) can also occur in patients with renal failure. Anemia caused by kidney stop making erythropoietin in sufficient quantities. Erythropoietin is a hormone that causes the bone marrow to make red blood cells.

After months or years, CKD can progress to permanent renal failure. In conditions of permanent kidney failure, the patient needs a donor for a kidney transplant or regular blood screening is commonly referred to as dialysis.

Nutrition is very important for people with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Controlling blood sugar and blood pressure through healthy food choices is an important step to slow or stop the progression of CKD.

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two main causes of CKD in the United States. Someone eating habits can enhance or reduce the risk of diabetes and blood pressure.

Tips to prevent the development of CKD diet, among others, as reported from Epharmapedia, Tuesday (08/02/2011):

1. For those who have diabetes type 1 and type 2
People who have diabetes type 1 or type 2 must choose foods carefully to control blood sugar levels. Adjust your diet to keep blood sugar levels within normal values ​​can halt the progression of CKD.

2. Controlling blood pressure
Controlling blood pressure with healthy food choices and regular physical activity can delay or prevent the progression of CKD. Patients with CKD should try to keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg.

3. Medical nutrition therapy (MNT)
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) using counseling by a dietitian to help obtain medical or health purposes.

4. Using the services of skilled dietitian to adjust your diet can help people with CKD.

5. Learning how to read and understand the results of laboratory
Learning how to read and understand the results of the laboratory allows one to see how different foods can affect the kidneys. Patients can ask the doctor to provide copies of laboratory reports and ask doctors to explain, and record the results outside the normal range.

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